A '''general practitioner''' ('''GP''') or '''family physician''' ('''FP''') is a [[physician]]/[[medical doctor]] who provides [[primary care]]. A GP/FP treats acute र chronic illnesses, provides preventive care र health education for all ages र both sexes. Some also care for hospitalized patients, do minor [[surgery]] and/or [[obstetrics]]. The term general practitioner is common in the [[संयुक्त अधिराज्य|United Kingdom]] र some other [[Commonwealth of Nations|Commonwealth]] countries, where the word "physician" is only used for certain specialists र not for GPs.
== स्पेन ==
In [[Spain]] the '''''médico de familia/médico general''''' commonly called ''médico de cabecera'', works in multidisciplinary teams (pediatrics, nurses, social workers र others) on primary care centers. They are in most cases salary-based healthcare workers.
After the graduation in medicine (with a duration of ६ years), the medical doctors pass a national written exam called MIR (Internal Resident Doctor). The speciality devoted to primary care is "Family र Community Medicine Specialist".
To obtain it, the postgraduate doctors must complete a ४-years training period working in primary care centers (२ years) र hospitals (२ years) as residents.
Some of the specialist in family practice in Spain are forced to work in other countries (mainly UK, Portugal र France) due to lack of stable work offers in the public health system.
== सयुक्त अधिराज्य ==