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Quick guide

Quick how to
To add ५७°१८′२२.५″उ॰ ४°२७′३२.७″प॰ / ५७.३०६२५०°N ४.४५९०८३°W / 57.306250; -4.459083 to the top of an article, use
{{Coord|57|18|22.5|N|4|27|32.7|W|display=title}}

These coordinates are in degrees, minutes, and seconds of arc.

To add ४४°०६′४३″N ८७°५४′४७″W / ४४.११२°N ८७.९१३°W / 44.112; -87.913 to the top of an article, use either
{{Coord|44.112|N|87.913|W|display=title}}

or

{{Coord|44.112|-87.913|display=title}}

These coordinates are in decimal degrees.

  • Degrees, minutes and seconds must be separated by a pipe ("|").
  • Map datum should be WGS84.
  • Avoid excessive precision (0.0001° is <11 m, 1′′ is <31 m).
  • Latitude (N/S) must appear before longitude (E/W).
Optional coordinate parameters follow the longitude and are separated by an underscore ("_"):

Other optional parameters are separated by a pipe ("|"):

  • display
    display=inline (the default) to display in the body of the article only,
    display=title to display in the title only, or
    display=inline,title to display in both places.
  • name
    name=X to label the place on maps (default is PAGENAME)

Thus: {{Coord|44.117|-87.913|dim:30_region:US-WI_type:event

|display=inline,title|name=accident site}}

Purpose

{{Coord}} provides a standard notation for encoding locations by their latitude and longitude coordinates. It is primarily for specifying the WGS84 geographic coordinates of locations on Earth, at the same time emitting a machine-readable Geo microformat. However, it can also encode locations on natural satellites, dwarf planets, and planets other than Earth.

See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates.

Features

Latitude and longitude may be specified (with appropriate precision) either in decimal notation or as degrees/minutes/seconds. By default, coordinates appear in the format used to specify them. However, the format= parameter can be used to force display in a particular format. The template also accepts and displays coordinates formatted as degrees and decimal minutes as found on charts and maritime references.

The template displays the formatted coordinates with a hyperlink to GeoHack. GeoHack displays information customized to the location, including links to external mapping services.

For terrestrial locations, a blue globe (Erioll world.svg) appears to the left of the hyperlink. Clicking on the globe activates the WikiMiniAtlas (requires JavaScript).

By default, coordinates appear "in line" with the adjacent text. However, the display= parameter can be used to move the coordinates up near the page title—or display them in both places at once.

The template outputs coordinates in three formats:

  • Degree/minutes/seconds ("DMS", precision is degrees, or degrees/minutes, or degrees/minutes/seconds, based on input precision).
  • Decimal degrees (varying the number of decimal places based on input precision)
  • A machine readable Geo microformat.

Logged-in users can customize how coordinates appear in their browsers.

You can extract information from the Coord template for use in mathematical expressions. For details, see Module:Coordinates.

Caveats

The template must not be modified without prior discussion.

Tools which read Wikipedia database dumps (such as Google Earth) often ignore inline coordinates. To ensure that coordinates are seen by these tools, one set should be displayed beside the title. See How do I get my Wikipedia article to show up in the Google Earth Geographic Web layer?[dead link]. However, if multiple title coordinates appear on a single page, they will overlap, making them illegible.

Usage

{{coord|latitude|longitude|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|N/S|dd|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|N/S|dd|mm|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|ss|N/S|dd|mm|ss|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}

The hemisphere identifiers (N/S) and (E/W), if used, must be adjacent to the enclosing pipe "|" characters, and cannot be preceded or succeeded by spaces.

There are two kinds of parameters, all optional:

  • Coordinate parameters are parameters that {{Coord}} passes to the map server. These have the format parameter:value and are separated from each other by the underscore character ( _ ). The supported coordinate parameters are dim:, globe:, region:, scale:, source:, and type:. See coordinate parameters for details and examples.
  • Template parameters are parameters used by the {{Coord}} template. These have format parameter=value and are separated from each other by the pipe character ( | ). The supported template parameters are display=, format=, name=, and notes=.
  • display= can be one of the following:
  • display=inline – Display the coordinate inline (default)
  • display=title – Display the coordinate at the top of the article, beside the article's title (replaces {{coor title dms}} family)
    • shortcut: display=t
  • display=inline,title – Display the coordinate both inline and beside the article's title (replaces {{coor at dms}} family)
    • shortcut: display=it
  • display=title,inline has the same effect as display=inline,title
Note: the title attribute indicates that the coordinates apply to the entire article, and not just one of (perhaps many) places mentioned in it—so it should only be omitted in the latter case.
  • format= can be used to force dec or dms coordinate display.
  • format=dec reformats the coordinates to decimal degrees format.
  • format=dms reformats the coordinates to degrees | minutes | seconds format.
  • name= can be used to annotate inline coordinates for display in map services such as the WikiMiniAtlas. If omitted, the article's title (PAGENAME) is assumed.
Note: a name= parameter causes {{Coord}} to emit an hCard microformat using that name, even if used within an existing hCard. Do not use when the name is that of a person (e.g for a gravesite), as the generated hCard would be invalid. Also, do not use square brackets in names.
  • notes= specifies text to be displayed immediately following the coordinates. This is primarily intended for adding footnotes to coordinates displayed beside the title.
  • qid= specify Q item to display the coordinates of. Used primarily by Wikidata powered infoboxes.

Helper functions

Helper functions are available to manipulate the output from {{Coord}} when it appears in a container template such as an infobox.

To extract the latitude from a Coord template

Use:

{{#invoke:coordinates|coord2text|{{Coord|57|18|22|N|4|27|32|E}}|lat}} → ५७.३०६११

and similarly to extract the longitude, use:

{{#invoke:coordinates|coord2text|{{Coord|57|18|22|N|4|27|32|E}}|long}} → ४.४५८८९

Note: this method removes the microformat markup, and should not be used inside templates which emit parent microformats, such as infoboxes or table-row templates.

Displaying all coordinate links on one map

The template {{GeoGroup}} can be used in an article with coordinates. This template creates links to mapping services which display all the coordinates on a single map, and links to other services which allow the coordinates to be used or downloaded in a variety of formats.

Examples

{{coord|43.651234|-79.383333}} ४३°३९′०४″N ७९°२३′००″W / ४३.६५१२३४°N ७९.३८३३३३°W / 43.651234; -79.383333 Toronto – Fully decimal – western hemisphere implied by negation
{{coord|43.65|-79.38}} ४३°३९′N ७९°२३′W / ४३.६५°N ७९.३८°W / 43.65; -79.38 Toronto – low precision decimal
{{coord|43.6500|-79.3800}} ४३°३९′००″N ७९°२२′४८″W / ४३.६५००°N ७९.३८००°W / 43.6500; -79.3800 Toronto – medium precision decimal with trailing zeroes
{{coord|43.653500|N|79.384000|W}} ४३°३९′१३″N ७९°२३′०२″W / ४३.६५३५००°N ७९.३८४०००°W / 43.653500; -79.384000 Toronto – high precision decimal with explicit hemisphere notation
{{coord|43|29|N|79|23|W}} ४३°२९′उ॰ ७९°२३′प॰ / ४३.४८३°N ७९.३८३°W / 43.483; -79.383 Toronto – degrees & minutes
{{coord|43|29|13|N|79|23|02|W}} ४३°२९′४″उ॰ ७९°२३′०″प॰ / ४३.४८४४४°N ७९.३८३३३°W / 43.48444; -79.38333 Toronto – degrees, minutes & seconds
{{coord|43|29|12.6|N|79|23|02.4|W}} ४३°२९′१२.६″उ॰ ७९°२३′०२.४″प॰ / ४३.४८६८३३°N ७९.३८४०००°W / 43.486833; -79.384000 Toronto – degrees, minutes, seconds & fractions of seconds
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E}} ५५°४५′०८″N ३७°३६′५६″E / ५५.७५२२२२°N ३७.६१५५५६°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 Moscow – N & E
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dms}} ५५°४५′०८″N ३७°३६′५६″E / ५५.७५२२२२°N ३७.६१५५५६°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 Convert to dms format
{{coord|39.098095|-94.587307|format=dms}} ३९°०५′५३″N ९४°३५′१४″W / ३९.०९८०९५°N ९४.५८७३०७°W / 39.098095; -94.587307 Decimal conversion without N/S/E/W
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dec|name=Moscow}} ५५°४५′०८″N ३७°३६′५६″E / ५५.७५२२२२°N ३७.६१५५५६°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 (Moscow) Convert to decimal and label on some maps
{{coord|33|55|S|18|25|E}} ३३°५५′द॰ १८°२५′पू॰ / ३३.९१७°S १८.४१७°E / -33.917; 18.417 Cape Town – S & E
{{coord|35|00|N|105|00|E}} ३५°००′उ॰ १०५°००′पू॰ / ३५.०००°N १०५.०००°E / 35.000; 105.000 People's Republic of China
{{coord|22|54|30|S|43|14|37|W}} २२°५४′३०″द॰ ४३°१४′३७″प॰ / २२.९०८३३°S ४३.२४३६१°W / -22.90833; -43.24361 Rio – S & W
{{coord|22|S|43|W}} २२°द॰ ४३°प॰ / २२°S ४३°W / -22; -43 A degree confluence.
{{coord|52|28|N|1|55|W|region:GB_type:city|notes=<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fallingrain.com/world/UK/0/Birmingham.html|title=Birmingham}}</ref>|display=inline,title}} ५२°२८′उ॰ १°५५′प॰ / ५२.४६७°N १.९१७°W / 52.467; -1.917[१]निर्देशाङ्कहरू: ५२°२८′उ॰ १°५५′प॰ / ५२.४६७°N १.९१७°W / 52.467; -1.917[१] Birmingham – with display, notes, and parameter settings; note that these coordinates are also displayed at the top of this page.
{{coord|51|25.813|N|0|43.945|E}} ५१°२५.८१३′उ॰ ०°४३.९४५′पू॰ / ५१.४३०२१७°N ०.७३२४१७°E / 51.430217; 0.732417 Navigation buoy in the River Medway, England.
{{coord|51|36.287|N|8|32.018|W}} ५१°३६.२८७′उ॰ ८°३२.०१८′प॰ / ५१.६०४७८३°N ८.५३३६३३°W / 51.604783; -8.533633 Lighthouse at the Old Head of Kinsale as defined by the Commissioners of Irish Lights.

References

Coordinate parameters

The first unnamed parameter following the longitude is an optional string of coordinate parameters, separated by underscores. These parameters help GeoHack select suitable map resources, and they will become more important when Wikimaps becomes fully functional.

type:T

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/type:

scale:N

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/scale:

dim:D

The dim: parameter defines the diameter of a viewing circle centered on the coordinate. While the default unit of measurement is metres, the km suffix may be appended to indicate kilometres.

GeoHack uses dim: to select a map scale such that the viewing circle appears roughly १० सेन्टिमिटर (४ इन्च) in diameter on a 72 dpi computer monitor. If no dim:, type:, or scale: parameters are provided, GeoHack uses its default viewing circle of ३० किलोमिटर (१९ माइल).

Samples
Subject View diameter Markup Result
Western Hemisphere १०,००० किलोमिटर (६,२०० माइल) {{coord|0|N|90|W|dim:10000km}} ०°उ॰ ९०°प॰ / ०°N ९०°W / 0; -90
Ohio ४०० किलोमिटर (२५० माइल) {{coord|40.5|-82.5|dim:400km}} ४०°३०′N ८२°३०′W / ४०.५°N ८२.५°W / 40.5; -82.5
Dresden २०,००० मिटर (१२ माइल) {{coord|51.03|13.73|dim:20000}} ५१°०२′N १३°४४′E / ५१.०३°N १३.७३°E / 51.03; 13.73
Statue of Liberty १०० मिटर (३३० फिट) {{coord|40.6892|-74.0445|dim:100}} ४०°४१′२१″N ७४°०२′४०″W / ४०.६८९२°N ७४.०४४५°W / 40.6892; -74.0445
region:R

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/region:

globe:G

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/globe:

source:S

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/source:

Per-user display customization

To always display coordinates as DMS values, add this to your monobook.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: none }
.geo-dms { display: inline }

To always display coordinates as decimal values, add this to your monobook.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: none }

To display coordinates in both formats, add this to your monobook.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: inline }
.geo-multi-punct { display: inline }

If CSS is disabled, or you have an old copy of MediaWiki:Common.css cached, you will see both formats. (You can either clear your cache or manually refresh this URL: [१].)

To disable display of the blue globe adjacent to coordinates, add this to your monobook.js

var wma_settings = {enabled:false}

Note that this will disable WikiMiniAtlas

See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Geographical coordinates.

Incorrect uses and maintenance categories

The template has some input checks built in. Most errors display a bold, red message inline and categorize the article in the hidden maintenance category Pages with malformed coordinate tags. There are currently ११ pages in that category. See the category description for further instructions.

A more thorough daily report of coordinates needing repair is at tools:~dispenser/view/File viewer#log:coord-enwiki.log.

See also: WT:GEO#To do

Internals

This template is completely powered by the Lua module {{Coordinates}}.

Class names

The class names geo, latitude and longitude are used to generate the microformat and MUST NOT be changed.

History

This template used to use a lot of sub templates but these have all been replaced by {{Coordinates}}.

Template Data

This template uses overloading which does not work well with the VisualEditor/TemplateData. Consider using "Edit source" instead of the visual editor until this defect is corrected. To facilitate visual editing in the mean time, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified, and {{coordDM}} when just degrees and minutes are given.

यो ढाँचातथ्याङ्कको दस्तावेज दृश्यसम्पादक र अन्य उपकरणहरूद्वारा प्रयोग गरीन्छ; यो ढाँचाको मासिक मापदण्ड उपयोग रिपोर्ट हेर्नुहोस्।

Coordको ढाँचातथ्याङ्क

Encodes the latitude and longitude coordinates of a location, provides a link to map of the location. This template does not work well with the Visual Editor, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified {{coordDM}} when only degrees and minutes are specified. To use this template you will need to use positional parameter following one of these schemes: {{coord | D | M | S | NS | D | M | S | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D | M | NS | D | M | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D| NS | D| EW | geo | opts}} {{coord | sD | sD | geo | opts}} where D is degrees, M is minutes, S seconds, sD signed decimal degrees, NS is N or S, EW is E or W, opts are named parameter and geo are the coordinate parameters described on the main doc page.

Template parameters

Parameterविवरणप्रकारस्थिति
11

Either degrees latitude or a signed decimal degrees latitude

Numbersuggested
22

Either: minutes latitude, signed decimal degrees longitude or 'N' or 'S'.

Stringsuggested
33

Either: second latitude, degrees longitude, 'N' or 'S' or GeoHack parameters

Stringवैकल्पिक
44

Either: degrees longitude, 'N', 'S', 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

Stringवैकल्पिक
55

Either: degrees longitude, minutes longitude or GeoHack parameters

Stringवैकल्पिक
66

Either: minutes longitude, 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

Stringवैकल्पिक
77

Either second longitude, or GeoHack parameters

Stringवैकल्पिक
88

'E' or 'W'.

Stringवैकल्पिक
99

GeoHack parameters. Example: dim:30_region:US-WI_type:event

Stringवैकल्पिक
Wikidata itemqid

Retrieve coordinates from a WikiData entry instead of from this template's parameters

उदाहरण
Q513
पङ्क्तिवैकल्पिक
Displaydisplay

Where it is displayed. Can be one of: 'inline' in the body of the article, 'title' at the top of the article or 'inline,title' both

पूर्वनिर्धारित
inline
पङ्क्तिsuggested
Namename

a label to place on maps (default is PAGENAME)

Stringवैकल्पिक
Notesnotes

text displayed immediately following the coordinates

Stringवैकल्पिक
Formatformat

How the coordinates are displayed, either 'dec' or 'dms'

पङ्क्तिवैकल्पिक