"स्याल (प्रजाति)" का संशोधनहरू बिचको अन्तर

कुनै सम्पादन सारांश छैन
कुनै सम्पादन सारांश छैन
कुनै सम्पादन सारांश छैन
| status = EN
| trend = down
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| image = Jackal Cape cross 2009.JPG
| image_caption = [[स्याल]] (''black-backed jackal'')
स्यालहरु जोडीमा आ-आफ्नो छुट्टा छुट्टै क्षेत्रमा बस्ने गर्छन, यिनीहरुले आ-आफ्नो क्षेत्रको सिमाना दिशा वा पिशाबको मद्दतले छुट्याउने गर्दछन। स्यालको बच्चा जन्मिइ ठुलो भएर आफ्नो क्षेत्र बनाई नबसे सम्म यिनीहरु आफ्नो आमाबाबु संगै एउटै क्षेत्रमा नै बस्ने भएकोले यिनीहरुको क्षेत्र ठुलो हुने गर्छ। स्यालहरु कहिलेकांही झुण्डमा पनि बस्ने गर्छन, तापनि स्यालले शिकार गर्दा भने एक्लै वा जोडीमा गर्ने गर्दछ।\
{{सन्दर्भ}}
{{eng}}
==प्रजातीहरु==
{| class="wikitable sortable" width=60% font=90%
|- bgcolor="#115a6c"
!Species
!Trinomial authority
!Description
!Range
|----
|'''[[Side-striped jackal]]'''<br/>''Canis adustus''<br/>[[File:Side-striped Jackal.jpg|150 px]]
|[[Carl Jakob Sundevall|Sundevall]], 1847
| Primarily resides in wooded areas, unlike other jackal species. It is the least aggressive of the jackals, rarely preying on large mammals.<ref name="ssj">{{cite web | title = Side-Striped Jackal | work = | publisher = Canids.org | url = http://www.canids.org/species/side-striped_jackal.pdf | accessdate = 2010-03-19}}</ref>
|[[central Africa|Central]] and southern Africa
|----
|'''[[Golden jackal]]'''<br/>''Canis aureus''<br/>[[File:golden jackal small.jpg|150 px]]
|[[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758
|The heaviest of the jackals, and the only species to subsist outside of Africa. Although often grouped with the other jackals, genetic and morphological research indicates that the golden jackal is more closely related to the [[gray wolf]] and the [[coyote]].<ref name=genome>Lindblad-Toh ''et al.'' 2005. [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v438/n7069/pdf/nature04338.pdf Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog.] Nature '''438''': 803-819.</ref><ref name="GJ">{{cite web | title = Golden Jackal | work = | publisher = Canids.org | url = http://www.canids.org/species/Golden_jackal.pdf | accessdate = 2007-08-15}}</ref>
|Northern Africa, Southeastern Europe, the Middle East, Western Asia, and South Asia
|----
|'''[[Black-backed jackal]]'''<br/>''Canis mesomelas''
[[File:Canis mesomelas.jpg|150 px]]
|[[Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber|Schreber]], 1775
|The most lightly-built jackal, this is considered to be the oldest living member of the [[genus]] ''[[Canis]]''.<ref name="CLAW">{{cite book | author= Macdonald, David | title=The Velvet Claw | year=1992 | isbn=0563208449 | page= 256 }}</ref> It is the most aggressive of the jackals, having been known to attack animal prey many times its own weight, and it has more quarrelsome intra-pack relationships<ref name=estes>''The behavior guide to African mammals: including hoofed mammals, carnivores, primates'' by Richard Estes, published by University of California Press, 1992, ISBN 0520080858</ref>
|Southern Africa and eastern coast of [[Kenya]], [[Somalia]], and [[Ethiopia]]
|----
|}
 
The [[Ethiopian wolf]] <small>([[Eduard Rüppell|Ruppell]], 1840)</small> of the Ethiopian highlands has at times been regarded as a jackal, hence were called the "red jackal" or the "simian jackal", but these are now usually classified as wolves.
 
[[Category:स्तनधारी जनावर]]
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