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सा (हिज्जे मिलाउँदै)
One widely accepted definition of health is that of the [[World Health Organization]] "WHO". It states that "health is a state of complete physical, mental र social well-being र not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (WHO, 1946). In more recent years, this statement has been modified to include the ability to lead a "socially र economically productive life." The WHO definition is not without criticism, as some argue that health cannot be defined as a state at all, but must be seen as a process of continuous adjustment to the changing demands of living र of the changing meanings we give to life. The WHO definition is therefore considered by many as an idealistic goal rather than a realistic proposition.
The [[LaLonde report]] suggested that there are four general determinants of health which he called "human biology", "environment", "lifestyle", र "healthcare organization"<ref name="Lalonde">Lalonde, Marc. [http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hcs-sss/alt_formats/hpb-dgps/pdf/pubs/1974-lalonde/lalonde_e.pdf "A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians."] Ottawa: मन्त्री of Supply र Services; 1974.</ref> Thus, health is maintained through the science र practice of [[चिकित्साशास्त्र|medicine]], but can also be improved by individual effort. [[Physical fitness]], [[weight loss]], [[healthy eating]], [[stress management]] training र [[Smoking cessation|stopping smoking]] र other [[substance abuse]] are examples of steps to improve one's health.
An increasing measure of the health of populations is height, which is strongly regulated by nutrition र health care, among other standard of living र quality of life matters. The study of human growth, its regulators र its implications is known as [[auxology]].
[[Wellness]] is a term sometimes used to describe the [[psychological state]] of being healthy, but is most often used in the field of [[alternative medicine]] to describe one's state of being.
'''Hygiene''' is the maintenance of healthy practices. In modern terminology, this is usually regarded as a particular reference to cleanliness.
Outward signs of good hygiene include the absence of visible dirt (including dust र stains on clothing) or of bad odor/smells. Since the development of the germ theory of disease, hygiene has come to mean any practice leading to the absence of harmful levels of bacteria.
Good hygiene is an aid to health, beauty, comfort, र social interactions.
Washing (with water) is the most common example of hygienic behavior. Washing is often done with soap or detergent which helps to remove oils र to break up dirt particles so they may be washed away.
According to the [[World Health Organization]] (WHO), there is no one "official" definition of mental health. Cultural differences, subjective assessments, र competing professional theories all affect how "mental health" is defined. In general, most experts agree that "mental health" र "[[mental illness]]" are not opposites. In other words, the absence of a recognized mental disorder is not necessarily an indicator of mental health.
One way to think about mental health is by looking at how effectively र successfully a person functions. Feeling capable र competent; being able to handle normal levels of stress, maintain satisfying relationships, र lead an independent life; र being able to "bounce back," or recover from difficult situations, are all signs of mental health.
== See also ==
*[http://www.thechildhealthsite.com/ The Child Health Site]
*[http://www.who.int/en/ World Health Organization]
*[http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/ National Center for Health Statistics] (USA)
*[http://www.nih.gov National Institute of Health] (USA)