"मिश्रका पिरामिडहरू" का संशोधनहरू बिचको अन्तर

रोबोट परिवर्तन गर्दै: hr:Keopsova piramida; अंगराग परिवर्तन
सा (r2.7.1) (रोबोट थप्दै: kn:ಗೀಜಾದ ಮಹಾ ಪಿರಾಮಿಡ್)
सा (रोबोट परिवर्तन गर्दै: hr:Keopsova piramida; अंगराग परिवर्तन)
सामान्यतया धेरैजसो पुरातत्वविदहरु के मान्छन् भने, यिनीहरुको निर्माण राजकिय, सौर्य र ज्योतिष चलनहरु सँग सम्बन्धित अन्त्येष्ठी (लाश गाढ्ने) स्मारकहरुको रुपमा गरिएको हो। र धेरैजसोको निर्माण [[मिश्रको पुरानो अधिराज्य|पुरानो]] र [[मिश्रको मध्य अधिराज्य|मध्य अधिराज्य]] को समयमा गरिएको हो।
[[Fileचित्र:PyramidDatePalms.JPG|right|300px|thumb|१९औ शताब्दिको एक तस्बिरमा गिजाको महान् पिरामिड]]
== पिरामिडका प्रतिक ==
== अबु रबास ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_djedefre_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|जेदेफ्रेको भत्केको पिरामिड]]
अबु रबास is the site of Egypt's most northerly pyramid — the mostly ruined Pyramid of [[Djedefre]], the son र successor of [[Khufu (pharaoh)|Khufu]]. Originally it was thought that this pyramid had never been completed, but the current archaelogicical consensus is that not only was it completed, but that it was originally about the same size as the Pyramid of
== गिजा ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramids_at_giza_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Giza pyramid field, viewed from the southwest. Dominating the picture from foreground to background are the Pyramids of Menkaure, Khafre र Khufu.]]
[[गिजा]], on the southern outskirts of [[Cairo]] is the location of the [[Pyramid of Khufu]] (also known as the "Great Pyramid" र the "Pyramid of Cheops"), the somewhat smaller Pyramid of [[Khafre]] (or Kephren), र the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of [[Menkaure]] (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices, known as "queens" pyramids, र the [[Sphinx]].
== जावेत एल-आर्यन ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_khaba_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|खाबाको अधुरो पिरामिड]]
This site, half way between गिजा र अबु सर, is the location for two unfinished Old Kingdom pyramids. The northern structure's owner is believed to be the Pharaoh [[Nebka]], whilst the southern structure is attributed to the Third Dynasty Pharaoh [[Khaba]], also known as [[Hudjefa]], successor to [[Sekhemket]]). Khaba's four-year tenure as pharaoh more than likely explains the similar premature truncation of उनका step pyramid. Today it is approximately twenty metres मा height; had it been completed it is likely to have exceeded forty.
== अबु सर ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramids_of_niuserre_and_neferirkare_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Pyramids of Niuserre र Neferirkare at अबु सर, viewed from the southeast]]
There are a total of seven pyramids at this site, which served as the main royal necropolis during the Fifth Dynasty. The quality of construction of the Abu Sir pyramids is inferior to those of the Fourth Dynasty — perhaps signaling a decrease मा royal power or a less vibrant economy. They are smaller than their predecessors, र are built of low quality local limestone.
== सक्कारा ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_djozer_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Step Pyramid of Djozer]]
Major pyramids at [[सक्कारा]] include the [[Pyramid of Djozer|Step Pyramid of Djozer]] — the world's oldest monumental stone building — the [[Pyramid of Userkaf]] र the [[Pyramid of Teti]]. Also at Saqqara is the [[Pyramid of Unas]], which retains a pyramid causeway that is amongst the best-preserved मा Egypt. This pyramid was also the subject of one of antiquities' earliest restoration attempts, conducted under the auspices of one of the sons of [[Ramses II]]. Saqqara is also the location of the incomplete step pyramid of Djozer's successor [[Sekhemkhet]]. Archaeologists believe that had this pyramid been completed it would have been larger than Djozer's.
== दसुर ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_sneferu_bent_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The southern or "Bent" Pyramid of Sneferu at दसुर. Uniquely, this pyramid retains much of its original polished limestone casing.]]
[[दसुर]] is arguably the most important pyramid field मा Egypt वाहिर Giza र Saqqara, although until recently the site was inaccessible due to its location within a military base, र hence was virtually unknown वाहिर archaeological circles.
== लिष्ठ ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_amenemhet_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The ruined Pyramid of Amenemhet I at Lisht]]
Two major pyramids are known to have been built at Lisht — those of [[Amenemhat I]] र उनका son, [[Senusret I]] (Sesostris I). The latter is surrounded by the ruins of ten smaller subsidiary pyramids. The site which is मा the vicinity of the oasis of [[Fayyum]], midway between [[Dashur]] र [[Meidun]], र about 100 kilometres south of [[कायरो]], is believed to be मा the vicinity of the ancient city of [[Iti-tawi]] (the precise location of which remains unknown), which served as the capital of Egypt during the 12th Dynasty.
== मेइदुन ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_sneferu_meidun_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Sneferu's Pyramid at Meidun; the central core structure remains, surrounded by a mountain of rubble from the collapsed outer casing]]
The pyramid at [[मेइदुन]] is one of three constructed during the reign of [[Sneferu]], र is believed by some to have been commenced by that pharaoh's father र predecessor, [[Huni]]. Some archaelogists also suggest that the Meidun pyramid may have been the first unsuccessful attempt at the construction of a "true" or smooth-sided pyramid.
== हवार्रा ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_amenemhet_hawarra_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawarra, viewed from the east.]]
[[Amenemhet III]] was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, र the pyramid he built at Hawarra, near Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called "Black Pyramid" built by the same ruler at [[दसुर]]. It is the Hawarra pyramid that is believed to have been Amenemhet's final resting place.
== अल लहुन ==
[[Fileचित्र:pyramid_of_senwosret_01.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Pyramid of Senwosret II. The pyramid's natural limestone core is clearly visible as the yellow stratum at its base.]]
The pyramid of [[Senwosret II]] at Il Lahun is the southernmost pyramid structure मा Egypt. Its builders reduced the amount work necessary to construct it by ingeneously using as its foundation र core a 12 metre high natural limestone hill.
* [http://www.casa.ucl.ac.uk/digital_egypt/hawara/bibliography_old.html#her Ancient Authors] – A site that quotes descriptions of the "Labyrinth" of Amenemhet III's pyramid at Il Lahun by various ancient authors.
* [http://www.narmer.pl/pir/pirnub_en.htm Pyramids of Nubia] – A site detailing the major pyramid sites of ancient Nubia (Sudan).
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[[Categoryश्रेणी:प्राचिन मिश्र]]
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[[he:הפירמידה הגדולה של גיזה]]
[[hi:गीजा की महान पिरामिड]]
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[[hu:Gízai nagy piramis]]
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