A '''general practitioner''' ('''GP''') or '''family physician''' ('''FP''') is a [[physician]]/[[medical doctor]] who provides [[primary care]]. A GP/FP treats acute र chronic illnesses, provides preventive care र health education for all ages र both sexes. Some also care for hospitalized patients, do minor [[surgery]] and/or [[obstetrics]]. The term general practitioner is common in the [[संयुक्त अधिराज्य|United Kingdom]] र some other [[Commonwealth of Nations|Commonwealth]] countries, where the word "physician" is only used for certain specialists र not for GPs.
== सयुक्त राज्य अमेरीका ==
In the [[संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका|United States]], a general practitioner has completed the one-year internship required to obtain a medical license, after having received at least an undergraduate Baccalaureate degree र a four-year [[Doctor of Medicine]] or a [[Osteopathic medicine|Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine]] degree. A family medicine physician, however, has completed a ३-year family medicine residency in addition to the undergraduate र doctoral studies, र is eligible for the [[board certification]] now required by most hospitals र health plans.
Starting in the १९७०s र १९८०s, many board-certified family physicians in the United States began to consider the terms "General Practitioner" र "GP" as somewhat demeaning र derogatory, discounting their additional years of training.
A family physician is board-certified in family medicine. Training is focused on treating an individual throughout all of उनका or उनको life stages. Family physicians will see anyone with any problem, but are experts in common problems. Many family physicians deliver babies as well as taking care of all ages of patients. Family physicians complete undergraduate school, [[medical school]] र ३ more years of specialized [[medical residency]] training in family practice. Board-certified family physicians take a written examination every ६, ७, ९, or १० years to remain board certified, depending on what track they choose regarding the maintenance of their certification. Three hundred hours of continuing medical education within the prior six years is also required to be eligible to sit for the exam.
Between २००३ र २००९ the board certification process is being changed in family medicine र all other [[American Specialty Boards]] to a continuous series of yearly competency tests on differing areas within the given specialty. The [[American Board of Family Medicine]], as well as other specialty boards, are requiring additional participation in continuous learning र self-assessment to enhance clinical knowledge, expertise, र skills. The Board has created a program called the "Maintenance of Certification Program for Family Physicians" (MC-FP) which will require family physicians to continuously demonstrate proficiency in four areas of clinical practice: professionalism, self assessment/lifelong learning, cognitive expertise र performance in practice.
[[Certificate of added qualifications|Certificates of Added Qualifications]] (CAQs) in [[adolescence|adolescent]] medicine, [[geriatrics|geriatric medicine]], or [[sports medicine]] are available for those board certified family physicians who meet additional training र testing requirements. Additionally fellowships are available for family physicians in adolescent medicine, geriatrics, sports medicine, rural medicine, faculty development, obstetrics, research, र preventative medicine.
The family medicine (FM) paradigm is bolstered by primary care physicians trained in internal medicine (IM); although these physicians are trained in internal medicine only, adult patients provide the majority of the patient base of many family medicine practices. In the United States, there is a rising contingent of phyisicians dually trained in internal medicine र pediatrics (peds) (which can be completed in ४ years, instead of the ३ years each for IM र pediatrics). A significant number of family medicine practices (especially in suburban र urban areas) do not provide obstetric services anymore (due to litigation issues र provider preference), र as such, this blurs the line between the FM र IM/Peds difference. One suggested difference is that the IM/Peds-trained physicians are more geared towards subspecialty training or hospital-based practice. Even so, there are many groups with FM-trained र IM/Peds-trained physicians working in seamless harmony.
== बाह्य कडीहरू ==